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Form and Function in Language Research
107,99 € *
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Language description enriches linguistic theory and linguistic theory sharpens language description. Based on evidence from the world's languages, functional-typological linguistics has established a number of thorough generalizations about the nature of linguistic categorizations and their manifestation in natural languages. Empirical studies in these fields of linguistics have contributed to sharpen linguistic theory in several respects. This volume is a collection of 19 contributions from outstanding scholars in the field of functional-typological linguistics that address fundamental issues in the study of language, such as the nature of linguistic categories, the constitution of functional domains, and the form of cross-linguistic continua. Empirical data from individual languages and from typological samples are investigated in order to achieve generalizations about the properties of human grammar(s). Several grammatical phenomena are dealt with including tonal systems, person distinctions, modalities, reciprocity, complex predicates, grammatical relations, word order, clause linkage, and information structure. The structure of the book illustrates the fundamental importance of the analytical distinction between the onomasiological and the semasiological approach to language and language diversity. Both perspectives are integrated in most papers with a dominant focus on either the former or the latter perspective.

Anbieter: buecher
Stand: 06.06.2020
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Form and Function in Language Research
107,99 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Language description enriches linguistic theory and linguistic theory sharpens language description. Based on evidence from the world's languages, functional-typological linguistics has established a number of thorough generalizations about the nature of linguistic categorizations and their manifestation in natural languages. Empirical studies in these fields of linguistics have contributed to sharpen linguistic theory in several respects. This volume is a collection of 19 contributions from outstanding scholars in the field of functional-typological linguistics that address fundamental issues in the study of language, such as the nature of linguistic categories, the constitution of functional domains, and the form of cross-linguistic continua. Empirical data from individual languages and from typological samples are investigated in order to achieve generalizations about the properties of human grammar(s). Several grammatical phenomena are dealt with including tonal systems, person distinctions, modalities, reciprocity, complex predicates, grammatical relations, word order, clause linkage, and information structure. The structure of the book illustrates the fundamental importance of the analytical distinction between the onomasiological and the semasiological approach to language and language diversity. Both perspectives are integrated in most papers with a dominant focus on either the former or the latter perspective.

Anbieter: buecher
Stand: 06.06.2020
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Computational Semantics for Sanskrit
59,00 € *
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This book is the result of Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) level Research and Development (R&D) done at the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. Computational analysis of Sanskrit homonyms is essential for Machine Translation and any higher level language processing of Sanskrit. The book is divided into four chapters. The First chapter Sanskrit Lexicographic Tradition discusses the concept of lexicon, ko a and their domains. This chapter also deals modern dictionaries and computational lexica like Machine Readable Dictionary (MRD) etc. The second chapter Word, Meaning & Homonymy is a detailed study of Indian theories of meaning, synonyms, homonyms, homographs, polysemy, and capitonymy. The third chapter Computational Analysis of Sanskrit Homonyms describes complexity of Sanskrit homonyms, context and contextual factors in solving the complexity of homonymy etc. This chapter also explores the basic concept of Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD) and its application for Sanskrit. The fourth chapter Homonym Analyzer System Description explains the partial implementation of the homonym analyzer system. This system is online on http://sanskrit.jnu.ac.in/skh/index.jsp

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 06.06.2020
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The Soul of the Organization
26,74 € *
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Given the opportunity to describe Apple as a company in just a word or two, most would respond with adjectives like: Innovative . Design-conscious . Iconic . Some would probably even say: Secretive . But here's another: Soulful . Yes, Apple has a soul, and it is not alone in that respect. A select few organizations can similarly be said to exhibit similar qualities of soul that inspire passion in their employees and set them on the path to high levels of sustained organizational performance. But, given that most organizations are plagued by low levels of employee engagement and lackluster organizational performance, how do high-performing organizations do it? How do they ignite and sustain employee engagement and boost individual and overall organizational productivity? That is exactly the question that organizational expert David B. Zenoff sets out to answer in The Soul of the Organization .Based on the author's extensive experience consulting to and observing some of the best-known organizations in the world, The Soul of the Organization (www.souloftheorganization.com) journeys into eleven high-performing organizations operating in both the for-profit and not-for-profit worlds to determine the underlying elements of soul that foster strong employee engagement at all levels. What Zenoff finds in his inquiry is that organizations as different as home goods retailer Williams-Sonoma and not-for-profit group Larkin Street Youth Services all share in common five key elements of soul that, taken together, are powerful forces for fostering employee engagement, satisfaction, and meaning. And he doesn't stop once he has identified the five core elements of an organization's soul. Instead, he goes on to offer both a conceptual framework and a practical primer on how to leverage these key ingredients to create, sustain, and nourish a soul in your organization.Organizations of all stripes and in all industries and domains have great difficulty motivating their workforces to demonstrate a strong commitment to giving their all in the workplace. As a result, these organizations' overall productivity and growth are compromised, and their employees cannot find meaning or satisfaction in their work. If your organization struggles with sub-par employee loyalty, commitment, and drive, you will find the guidance you need in The Soul of the Organization , a guide to infusing into your workplace that "special something" that engages employees, drives their productivity, and taps into their collective well of potential so that your organization can make its mark on the world.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 06.06.2020
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From Physical to Mental Acquisition
68,00 € *
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That verbs from concrete domains are often mappedonto abstract domains to express, for example, mentalactivities has been shown by a number of scholars. Inparticular, it is well known that perception verbssuch as 'see' readily lend themselves to metaphoricalextensions into the mental domain. Perception verbsare not, however, the only source domain forconceptual mappings onto the mental domain. Thedomains of possession and acquisition can be used ina similar manner and verbs within those domains areimportant in the production of expressions for mentalactivity and provide vital clues to the understandingof the relationship between language, body and mind.Based on the hypothesis that the frame to which averb is linked influences how easily that verb can beextended into the mental domain, the aim of this bookis to shed some light on how frequently andeffortlessly the six verbs 'acquire', 'buy','gather', 'grasp', 'receive' and 'seize' are used inan extended way as mental verbs. The analyses shouldbe of particular interest to scholars and studentswithin the field of linguistics, or anyone else withan interest in semantics and word meaning.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 06.06.2020
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Translation: A Cognitive Framework
71,90 € *
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This book provides insights into the aspect of language concerned with expressing and giving shape to events in the external world and of the internal world of consciousness for a more effective information sharing system, especially in specialised domains in less widely used languages which, for a very long time, as a result of cynicism, have faced the problem of 'institutionalised' pessimism in the business of information sharing. Using the knowledge approach (units, structure, representation, evolution, acquisition of knowledge), the book investigates how cognitive frames/models could be used in understanding a word, term or concept for effective translation from and into as many languages as is desirable.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 06.06.2020
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Probabilistic Models for Ontology Learning
59,00 € *
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Capturing word meaning is one of the challenges of natural language processing (NLP). Formal models of meaning such as semantic networks of words or concepts are knowledge repositories used in a variety of applications. To be effectively used, these networks have to be large or, at least, adapted to specific domains. Our main goal is to contribute practically to the research on semantic networks learning models by covering different aspects of the task. We propose a novel probabilistic model for learning semantic networks that expands existing semantic networks taking into accounts both corpus-extracted evidences and the structure of the generated semantic networks. The model exploits structural properties of target relations such as transitivity during learning. Our model presents some innovations in estimating the probabilities. We then propose two extensions of our probabilistic model: a model for learning from a generic domain that can be exploited to extract new information in a specific domain and an incremental ontology learning system that puts human validations in the learning loop.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 06.06.2020
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Keywords of Systemic Vision
76,90 € *
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Keywords of Systemic Vision is meant to be an encyclopedia of Systemic and Complex science. The word "encyclopedia" refers to definitely acquired information and deep knowledge in a given domain, so that also people who do not belong to the related scientific community can rely on accurate representations of that object. However, Complexity science refers to phenomena, for which it is impossible to find objective information, for reasons such as chaotic evolution, high number of variables, observers' bias etc. Consequently, the expectations of an encyclopedia of Complexity science should be different from those of a traditional one: this work highlights the incertitude that has always affected complex phenomena, as well as the ways of dealing with this incertitude in very different scientific domains.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 06.06.2020
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Semantic Domains in Computational Linguistics
117,69 € *
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Semantic fields are lexically coherent - the words they contain co-occur in texts. In this book the authors introduce and define semantic domains, a computational model for lexical semantics inspired by the theory of semantic fields. Semantic domains allow us to exploit domain features for texts, terms and concepts, and they can significantly boost the performance of natural-language processing systems. Semantic domains can be derived from existing lexical resources or can be acquired from corpora in an unsupervised manner. They also have the property of interlinguality, and they can be used to relate terms in different languages in multilingual application scenarios. The authors give a comprehensive explanation of the computational model, with detailed chapters on semantic domains, domain models, and applications of the technique in text categorization, word sense disambiguation, and cross-language text categorization. This book is suitable for researchers and graduate students in computational linguistics.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 06.06.2020
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