Adolescence is a period when young individuals face many challenging tasks such as establishing and maintaining healthy relationships, achieving in school, preparing for adult life, and becoming resilient in the face of adversities. Self-efficacy beliefs are important to youth's success in accomplishing these tasks. Ample evidence suggests that self-efficacy beliefs are highly critical in task selection, persistence, and successful completion. Nevertheless, few studies to date have examined the predictors of self-efficacy beliefs and the role of efficacy beliefs in mediating the relationship between contextual factors and positive developmental outcomes. This book reports three studies that aimed to fill some major gaps in the self-efficacy literature. The studies examined 1) the multidimensionality of self-efficacy construct, 2) the individual, family, peer, and neighborhood predictors of adolescents' domain specific self-efficacy beliefs, and 3) the mediating role of domain specific self-efficacy beliefs in predicting adolescents' developmental outcomes. The findings underscore the importance of examining predictors and outcomes of self-efficacy beliefs in multiple domains.
Standard Spoken Language in School and Media Domain: A case study of Singapore aims to examine the corpus of Standard Spoken Tamil (SST) in the media and school domains in Singapore, in order to establish SST as an additional resource for the teaching and learning of Tamil. The rationale for this study is that it will lead to instructional strategies that seek to redress the disjunction in the pedagogic context where only one monolithic norm, that of Literary Tamil (LT) prevails. In Singapore, more and more Primary one students are coming from English speaking homes. Given that general situation, Tamil students are able to write well and efficient in using the Literary Tamil variety which is used in formal situation and unable to speak or converse in Spoken Tamil which is the variety used for day to day communication. To develop the oral skills and to make Tamil as a living language in Singapore, students need to speak in Spoken Tamil and understand the diglossic background of Tamil language. This book addresses those issues and provides pedagogical recommendations.
The major objective of this study is to describe the patterns of language use of various ethno-linguistic groups in bilingual community, particularly in Shone town.The patterns of bilingualism,language shift and maintenance through different generations were over-viewed in the study. The result of the study revealed that Shone is a multilingual town with seven languages in use: Hadiyyisa, Amharic, Wolaytato, Kambatisata, Afan Oromo, Gurage and English. The use of these languages in the family domain and in the out-door domains such as neighborhood, market place, worship places,school,etc.were described thoroughly. The attitude of different linguistic groups towards various languages was also part of the description. Furthermore, code-switching and borrowing as the linguistic consequences of language contact were described briefly. The author hopes that the study will provide relevant information for practitioners who are engaged in language related activities such as language planning, curriculum development, etc. Moreover, social planners and development workers can make use of this study.
This book includes two main axes, the first one is the study of four main domains on the students of physical education, and each domain has its own topics. The first domain is education, and among its topics are the importance of commitment to classes and not to fail through school years. The second domain is psychology, and among its topics are moving forward and self-realization. The third domain is sociology, and among its topics are social behavior and social skills. The fourth domain is health which is represented by healthy behavior. The second axis of the book includes correcting some problems of the athletics in the studied domains.
Developmental skills are the most important objectives of preschool education which prepare children entering primary school. Developmental skills are divided into four main domains: Cognitive, Social, Language, and Physical. This book presents a thorough comparison between two different preschool Curricula (Montessori and Malaysia National Preschool Curriculum) in order to clarify which one is more efficient among child's four main domain skills improvement.
Aims and Scope Patients are more empowered to shape their own health care today than ever before. Health information technologies are creating new opportunities for patients and families to participate actively in their care, manage their medical problems and improve communication with their healthcare providers. Moreover, health information technologies are enabling healthcare providers to partner with their patients in a bold effort to optimize quality of care, improve health outcomes and transform the healthcare system on the macro-level.In this book, leading figures discuss the existing needs, challenges and opportunities for improving patient engagement and empowerment through health information technology, mapping out what has been accomplished and what work remains to truly transform the care we deliver and engage patients in their care. Policymakers, healthcare providers and administrators, consultants and industry managers, researchers and students and, not least, patients and their family members should all find value in this book."In the exciting period that lies just ahead, more will be needed than simply connecting patients to clinicians, and clinicians to each other. The health care systems that will be most effective in meeting patients' needs will be those that can actually design their 'human wares' around that purpose. This book provides deep insight into how information technology can and will support that redesign." Thomas H. Lee , MD, MSc, Chief Medical Officer, Press Ganey Associates, Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Professor of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public HealthThe Editors: Drs. Maria Adela Grando, Ronen Rozenblum and David W. Bates are widely recognized professors, researchers and experts in the domain of health information technology, patient engagement and empowerment. Their research, lectures and contributions in these domains have been recognized nationally and internationally. Dr. Grando is affiliated with Arizona State University and the Mayo Clinic, and Drs. Rozenblum and Bates are affiliated with Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard University.
The interest of describing the ground state properties of a system in terms of one electron density (or its two spin components) is obvious, in particular due to the simple physical significance of this function. Recent experimental progress in diffraction made the measurement of charge and magnetization densities in crystalline solids possible, with an accuracy at least as good as theoretical accuracy. Theoretical developments of the many-body problem have proved the extreme importance of the one electron density function and presently, accurate methods of band structure determination become available. Parallel to the diffraction techniques, other domains of research (inelastic scattering, resonance, molecular spectroscopy) deal with quantities directly related to the one particle density. But the two types of studies do not interfere enough and one should obviously gain more information by interpreting all experiments that are related to the density together. It became necessary to have an International School that reviews the status of the art in the domain of "ELECTRON AND MAGNETIZATION DENSITIES IN MOLECULES AND CRYSTALS". This was made possible through the generous effort of N.A.T.O. 's Scientific Affairs Division, and I would specially thank Dr. T. KESTER, the head of this Division, for his help and competence. An Advanced Study Institute was thus held in ARLES, south France, from the 16th to the 31st of August 1978.
One of the fascinating aspects of the field of ferroelectric ceramics is its interdisciplinary nature. This aspect is also a source of difficulty for the people working in the field. In a successful team of ferroelectricians the physics theoretician must understand the sintering technologist, the electrical engineer has to communicate with the crystallographer, the organic chemist will interact with the microelectronics engineer, the electron microscopist should collaborate with the systems engineer. It was the purpose of the summer school on ferroelectric ceramics that took place at the Centro Stefano Franscini (ETHZ), Monte VeritA, Ascona, Switzerland, in September 1991 to help to build bridges between people from the different disciplines and to draw for them, in the form of tutorial lectures, some of the different facets of ferroelectrics. The book is a written version of this summer school. It contains the following subjects: ferroelectric materials, physics of ferroelectrics, thin films, processing of ferroelectrics and their applications. It represents a cross section of topics of current interest. Materials are presented (L. E. Cross) from the point of view of the user, i. e. the tailoring of materials for specific applications. Two reviews address the important topic of ferroelectric domains and domain walls (I. Fousek and H. Schmid). In the part devoted to theory, three subjects of current interest are presented: phase transition in thin films (D. R. Tilley), weak ferroelectrics (A. K. Tagantsev) and dielectric losses (A. K. Tagantsev).
The Elements of Knowledge Organization is a unique and original work introducing the fundamental concepts related to the field of Knowledge Organization (KO). There is no other book like it currently available. The author begins the book with a comprehensive discussion of "knowledge" and its associated theories. He then presents a thorough discussion of the philosophical underpinnings of knowledge organization. The author walks the reader through the Knowledge Organization domain expanding the core topics of ontologies, taxonomies, classification, metadata, thesauri and domain analysis. The author also presents the compelling challenges associated with the organization of knowledge. This is the first book focused on the concepts and theories associated with KO domain. Prior to this book, individuals wishing to study Knowledge Organization in its broadest sense would generally collocate their own resources, navigating the various methods and models and perhaps inadvertently excluding relevant materials. This text cohesively links key and related KO material and provides a deeper understanding of the domain in its broadest sense and with enough detail to truly investigate its many facets. This book will be useful to both graduate and undergraduate students in the computer science and information science domains both as a text and as a reference book. It will also be valuable to researchers and practitioners in the industry who are working on website development, database administration, data mining, data warehousing and data for search engines. The book is also beneficial to anyone interested in the concepts and theories associated with the organization of knowledge. Dr. Richard P. Smiraglia is a world-renowned author who is well published in the Knowledge Organization domain. Dr. Smiraglia is editor-in-chief of the journal Knowledge Organization, published by Ergon-Verlag of Würzburg. He is a professor and member of the Information Organization Research Group at the School of Information Studies at University of Wisconsin Milwaukee.